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如何在SCI论文写作中使用as a result

如何在SCI论文写作中使用as a result

所谓Result,就是SCI论文研究的实验结果。如何在SCI论文写作中如何使用as a result一词?它在研究写作中似乎有两个含意。

答复:

短语as a result经常被用作表示因果关系的状语连词。从这个意义上来说,它是therefore、hence、consequently、as a consequence及accordingly的同义词。

以下是as a result该用法的例句。

The molecule has bulky substituents in the ortho positions; as a result, the eclipsed rotamer is energetically disfavored.

The fact that eclipsed rotamer is energetically disfavored is a consequence of the steric bulk of the substituents.

The diphenyl phosphine oxide group is electron withdrawing, and as a result, the central carbon of the allene is electron deficient.

The electron deficiency is a consequence of the presence of the electron-withdrawing group.

在教授ESL写作课时,我经常遇到as a result的一种非标准用法,即作为引导实验结果的连接语。

这种用法在母语为中文的作者中较为常见,举例如下:

We investigated the photocatalytic degradation of 17β-estradiol in water and concurrently evaluated the estrogenic activity of the treated water. As a result, 17β-estradiol was totally mineralized to CO2 in a TiO2 suspension under UV irradiation for 3 h.

这样的用法可能导致读者误解暗示矿化作用是调查与评估的结果。实际上,作者只单纯用as a result来暗示,17β-estradiol was totally mineralized to CO2…是photocatalytic degradation实验的结果(或发现)。

再另举一例:

Serial dilution tests of the JCAbl antibody were performed on the three tissues. As a result, JCAbl reacted with JCV-IMR32 cells and PML tissues at all the dilutions.

于此句,作者欲表达的不是指抗体与组织的反应是由连续稀释试验引起的,而欲指,实验观察到抗体在所有稀释度下均与特定组织产生反应。

SCI论文写作

As a result的这种非标准用法,我认为无伤大雅,但可能会造成读者对句意的误解。

我建议不妨作以下的修改:

改句一:

We investigated the photocatalytic degradation of 17β-estradiol in water and concurrently evaluated the estrogenic activity of the treated water. We found that 17β-estradiol was totally mineralized to CO2 in a TiO2 suspension under UV irradiation for 3 h.

改句二:

We investigated the photocatalytic degradation of 17β-estradiol in water….

The results of these experiments indicated that 17β-estradiol was totally mineralized to CO2 in a TiO2 suspension under UV irradiation for 3 h.

改句三:

When we investigated the photocatalytic degradation of 17β-estradiol in water…, we found that that 17β-estradiol was totally mineralized to CO2 in a TiO2 suspension under UV irradiation for 3 h.

改句四:

Investigation of the photocatalytic degradation of 17β-estradiol in water and concurrent evaluation of the estrogenic activity of the treated water indicated that 17β-estradiol was totally mineralized to CO2 in a TiO2 suspension under UV irradiation for 3 h.